Nowadays few, if any, politicians and political scientists alike, would deny that democracy and economic development are correlated.
Amid the confrontation between a free democracy in the south and a communist dictatorship in the north, the ROK government led by President Rhee Syngman was burdened with many problems, such as the establishment of domestic order, the elimination of any remaining traces of the colonial rule, and conflicts between the right and the left among others.
On June 25,North Korean troops armed with Soviet-made tanks and fighters invaded the South, thus triggering an all-out war. The UN Security Council unanimously condemned the North Korean invasion and published a resolution recommending that its member states provide military assistance to South Korea.
The two sides engaged in fierce battles until, on July 27,the two sides finally signed the armistice agreement. The three-year-long internecine war started by the Communists reduced the entire Korean Peninsula to rubble.
Millions of troops and civilians were killed. South Korea became the poorest country in the world. However, the war taught South Koreans the preciousness of freedom. President Rhee Syngman strengthened his authoritarian rule.
Inthe ruling Liberal Party rigged the Presidential election. Young students took to the streets in protest. The situation deteriorated when many demonstrators were shot down by the police.
President Rhee Syngman announced his stepdown and took refuge in Hawaii. Shortly thereafter, the Constitution was amended, and the Cabinet system and the bicameral National Assembly were adopted. Under the new constitution, the regime led by Prime Minister Jang Myeon was launched, but the political situation became extremely fragile amid political struggles and continued street demonstrations by students.
In the presidential election held in Octoberafter two years of military rule, Park Chung-hee, having retired from the military, was elected as President and inaugurated in December that same year.
The country also carried out the Saemaeul Undong New Community Movementturning the impoverished agricultural society into a country focused mainly on manufacturing. Since the South Korean government was established inthe country has transformed itself from one of the most impoverished countries in the world to an economic powerhouse and an exemplar of free democracy.
When the government announced the Yusin Revitalization Reformwhich were designed to extend the term of the incumbent government after eighteen years of dictatorship, in Octoberstudents and ordinary people engaged in the democratization movement.
Singunbu suppressed the voices calling for democratization, including the May 18 Democratization Movement, by force. Chun Doo-hwan was sworn in as the President and ruled with an authoritarian grip. The Chun Doohwan government concentrated on economic stabilization, successfully bringing inflated prices under control.
Under his leadership, the country accomplished continued economic growth. In December of the same year, he was elected to a five-year term as President. He was sworn in as President in February Sep 20, · A belief that democracy is bad for economic growth is common in both academic political economy as well as the popular press.
Robert Barro’s seminal research in this area concluded that “more political rights do not have an effect on growth The first lesson is that democracy is not the key.
The Bureau for Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Assistance promotes democratic and resilient societies that are able to mitigate disasters and conflicts, and stay on a path toward peace and prosperity. Corruption. It is an overloaded word often used as the sole cause of the problems in poor countries.
Yet, corruption seems to be everywhere, indeed often encouraged by rich countries and their corporations, especially when it comes to natural resources, and arms trade. Economic democracy is a socioeconomic philosophy that proposes to shift decision-making power from corporate managers and corporate shareholders to a larger group of public stakeholders that includes workers, customers, suppliers, neighbors and the broader public.
No single definition or approach encompasses economic democracy, but most proponents claim that modern property relations.
Democracy: Democracy is a system of government in which power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or through freely elected representatives.
In the investigation into the causal relationship between democracy and economic development, it seems inevitable to compare democracy with non-democracy in their different effects on economic development and also the different effects of economic development on them.