Before you use this library guide check: Does your School have its own referencing guide? To find out ask your lecturer or tutor.
Usually it is a single page of references, alphabetized by author. It includes all of the essential information to guide the reader back to a specific source to find additional information.
For example, if you use information from a book written by a famous author, you must provide the author's full name, title of book, date of publication, and publisher. This way the reader can quickly go directly to the source if he is interested in obtaining additional information.
Sometimes you might hear students refer to a "Bibliography" page. A Bibliography page is similar to a References page—the exception, of course, is that APA style specifically refers to it as a "References" page. In fact, you use the word References at the top of the page before you begin listing your sources.
Even if your paper has only one source, the word References at the top of the page remains plural. No matter what type of paper that you are writing—a thesis paper, dissertation, or term paper—you will find yourself extracting research and information from print and online sources to support your own viewpoints and arguments in your paper.
To avoid plagiarism and to give proper credit to the originator of the information, you must take responsibility to cite every piece of information that you use in your paper.
APA style has specific requirements for formatting various types of sources. In this Hub, I will focus on formatting print sources, such as books, magazines, journals, and articles. Any source that you cite in the main text of your paper is called an "in-text citation.
The full and complete information of each in-text citation is listed on the References page.
Thus, only when you use an in-text citation do you add the complete information to the References page. Before we learn how to format different print sources, let me give you an example of an in-text citation and how it relates to the References page. This will give you a visual understanding of how APA style wants you to cite sources.
If not, I pointed a big red arrow to it. Because this writer is paraphrasing unique information from three authors of a journal article, he must cite the authors as the source of the information.
Listing a Reference APA style reference Source The above image is a snapshot of the References page at least the beginning of one since your paper will have many more references.
Do you see how the in-text citation in the main text corresponds to the full source on a separate References page, and the reason why? To keep your paper coherent and readable, APA style avoids stuffing all of the bibliographic details for every citation in the main text of the paper.
A separate page i. At the end I will show you what a completed References page looks like. Lastly, I will tell you the mechanics, such as margins, typeface, spacing, and all the boring stuff. Add the volume italicized after the name of the publication separated by a commafollowed by the page number s.
To add the issue as well, enclose the issue number in parenthesis in plain text next to the volume without a spaceas in this example: Citing an article from a journal with a vol.
You do not need to list page numbers for a book citation, such as: The one difference is that you can include the month, day and year of publication if availablewhereas a journal article only requires the month and year. If the entire article runs on separate pages, then use a comma to indicate discontinuous pages.
Citing an article from a newspaper Source Multiple pages For multiple pages, use "pp. If so, you just need to signify the fact that this source is a review of a book, meaning the actual book is not the source.If this is needed, then you can include the whole reference in the abstract.
The abstract is best written towards the end of the dissertation writing process. Plan enough time for writing the abstract – a day or two perhaps; it is generally more difficult to write a short, concise text than a long text.
EBSCO Open Dissertations is a collaboration between EBSCO and BiblioLabs to increase traffic and discoverability of ETD srmvision.com can join the movement and add your theses and dissertations to the database, making them freely available to researchers everywhere while increasing traffic to your institutional repository.
Dissertation – A document submitted to earn an advanced degree, such as a doctorate, at a university. Citing a thesis or dissertation from a database Structure: Last, F.M.
(Date published). Title (Doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis). If you do not see it listed in this database, but know it was from a school in the United States, check with a reference librarian by sending an e-mail to askref [at] ciis [dot] edu.
If the dissertation is from an institution in another country, and not listed in ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, see if you can find it through one of the other dissertation links on the CIIS Library Research Resources page.
In-text citations can be frustrating when writing a dissertation in APA format; however, our APA style dissertation help will guide you through each step and rule. Our custom APA style dissertations come with a guarantee, meeting strict plagiarism requirements of formatting when we do a dissertation in APA style for you.
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