At the age of 29, Siddhartha realised that wealth and luxury did not guarantee happiness, so he explored the different teachings, religions and philosophies of the day, to find the key to lasting human happiness. After enlightenment, the Buddha spent the rest of his life teaching until his passing at the age of The Buddha taught a path to enlightenment or lasting happiness from his own experience. These teachings later came to be known as Buddhism.
Theory of religious economy The rational choice theory has been applied to religions, among others by the sociologists Rodney Stark — and William Sims Bainbridge —. They can be divided into specific compensators compensators for the failure to achieve specific goalsand general compensators compensators for failure to achieve any goal.
As it becomes clear that the goals of the movement will not be achieved by natural means at least within their lifetimesmembers of the movement will look to the supernatural to achieve what cannot be achieved naturally.
The new religious beliefs are compensators for the failure to achieve the original goals. Examples of this include the counterculture movement in America: Most religions start out their lives as cults or sectsi.
Over time, they tend to either die out, or become more established, mainstream and in less tension with society. Cults are new groups with a new novel theologywhile sects are attempts to return mainstream religions to what the sect views as their original purity.
Mainstream established groups are called denominations. The comments below about cult formation apply equally well to sect formation. There are four models of cult formation: The founder suffers from psychological problems, which they resolve through the founding of the religion.
The development of the religion is for them a form of self-therapy, or self-medication. According to this model, most founders of new religions already have experience in several religious groups before they begin their own. They take ideas from the pre-existing religions, and try to improve on them to make them more popular.
Members of the religious group spend less and less time with people outside the group, and more and more time with each other within it. The level of affection and emotional bonding between members of a group increases, and their emotional bonds to members outside the group diminish.
According to the social model, when a social implosion occurs, the group will naturally develop a new theology and rituals to accompany it. Some religions are better described by one model than another, though all apply to differing degrees to all religions.
Once a cult or sect has been founded, the next problem for the founder is to convert new members to it. Prime candidates for religious conversion are those with an openness to religion, but who do not belong or fit well in any existing religious group.
Those with no religion or no interest in religion are difficult to convert, especially since the cult and sect beliefs are so extreme by the standards of the surrounding society.
But those already happy members of a religious group are difficult to convert as well, since they have strong social links to their preexisting religion and are unlikely to want to sever them in order to join a new one.
The best candidates for religious conversion are those who are members of or have been associated with religious groups thereby showing an interest or openness to religionyet exist on the fringe of these groups, without strong social ties to prevent them from joining a new group.
Potential converts vary in their level of social connection. New religions best spread through pre-existing friendship networks. Converts who are marginal with few friends are easy to convert, but having few friends to convert they cannot add much to the further growth of the organization.
Converts with a large social network are harder to convert, since they tend to have more invested in mainstream society; but once converted they yield many new followers through their friendship network. Cults initially can have quite high growth rates; but as the social networks that initially feed them are exhausted, their growth rate falls quickly.
On the other hand, the rate of growth is exponential ignoring the limited supply of potential converts: But nonetheless it can take a very long time for religions to grow to a large size by natural growth. This often leads to cult leaders giving up after several decades, and withdrawing the cult from the world.
It is difficult for cults and sects to maintain their initial enthusiasm for more than about a generation.A Brief Introduction to Buddhism The Commisceo Global Blog - Perfect for Culture Vultures Whether a press release, a case study of cultural difference, some tips on working abroad or some lessons in cross-communication, we try our best to satiate your inner culture vulture.
Religion: Sacred Communities (SQ ) (4/10/06) Despite modern tendencies, indeed obsession, to view religion as a private matter and as eminently personal in nature, one must insist that a major characteristic of all religions is the social character of religious experience and activity.
BRIEF OVERVIEW 1. Merton’s Own Inner Experience and Interreligious Dialogue and to determine what were the strengths and limitations he brought to his dialogue with Buddhists. To this end, His lasting contribution was to make contemplative dialogue the goal of. Buddhism A brief overview of the life of Buddha Sponsored link.
Note: Little is known about the Buddha's early life. No biography was written during his lifetime. Only isolated events from his life before he attained enlightenment were preserved.
Some of the following are probably mythical in nature. A brief summary of Buddhism. Material donated by Dimuthu Calyaneratne of Sri Lanka. Sponsored link. Question: Answer: Is it a religion? Yes: Is it an applied philosophy? Yes* Founded by: Siddhartha Gauthama: Is it a path to .
What is a brief history of Buddhism? Update Cancel. ad by EverQuote. What is the best way to shop for auto insurance? What is a brief history of the Vietnam War? Ask New Question. Anonymous. Answered Jun 27, According to Buddhist belief, Siddharta Gautama isn’t the first man to become Buddha.
However, he is believed to be the one.